Screening assessments are carried by the NIRB within 45 days and include a public commenting period.
The NIRB has four options available when making its Screening Decision:
(a) approval with terms and conditions;
(b) full environmental Review required;
(c) return proposal for clarification; or,
(d) project should be modified or abandoned.
Reviews are more comprehensive assessments generally reserved for major development projects or projects that may cause significant public concern. Reviews require the development of an Environmental Impact Statement by the Proponent, and the scheduling of a public hearing by the NIRB. Projects that are approved following a Review by the NIRB are issued a Project Certificate and may be monitored by the NIRB.
The terms and conditions contained in:
(a) a NIRB Project Certificate;
(b) a NIRB Screening Decision; or
(c) any approvals issued by the Nunavut Water Board,
may provide for the establishment of a monitoring program for that project which may specify responsibilities for the proponent, NIRB or Government.
The purpose of a NIRB monitoring program is:
(a) to measure the relevant effects of projects on the ecosystemic and socio economic environments of the Nunavut Settlement Area;
(b) to determine whether and to what extent the land or resource use in question is carried out within the predetermined terms and conditions;
(c) to provide the information base necessary for agencies to enforce terms and conditions of land or resource use approvals; and
(d) to assess the accuracy of the predictions contained in the project impact statements.