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  • Application No.:


  • Project Type:

    Scientific Research

  • Project Name:

    Community-driven Sea Ice and Ocean Research in the Contrasting Coastal Domains of Hudson Bay

Completed Screening

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The proposed project represents a collaboration between University of Manitoba (UofM), Arctic Eider Society (AES), and Northern communities around Hudson and James Bay. This project builds on the highly successful network of community driven winter oceanography and ice monitoring research programs in Sanikiluaq, Kuujjuarapik, Inukjuak, Umiujaq, and Chisasibi to Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat. The communities of Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat were logical choices to expand this existing project because the northwest coastal region of Hudson Bay is very different from the southeast, allowing for comparisons between the two regions. For example in the southeast, large rivers, many regulated by hydroelectricity, deliver great amounts of freshwater to the coastal zone influencing the oceanography, sea-ice, and ecosystem processes. Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat are upstream and thus are not expected to be impacted by regulated rivers such as the Nelson and La Grande. Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat are also located near the northwest Hudson Bay polynya; an area of intense sea-ice production, which is thought to play an important role in circulation and may help support the abundance of marine organisms in this region. Additionally, local hunters have reported thinner sea ice conditions, later ice freeze up and earlier breakup, and unpredictable travel conditions near the communities of Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat. This project will contribute to the development of baseline data that can be used to assess and respond to climate change including changing sea-ice and ocean conditions. The objective of this project is to expand the highly successful community-driven research in eastern Hudson Bay to northwest Hudson Bay (Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat), with a goal towards establishing comparison sites in eastern and western Hudson Bay. This comparison will support bay-wide monitoring objectives, promote inter-jurisdictional information exchange, and help test scientific hypotheses about contrasting oceanography and marine life between northwest and southeast Hudson Bay. Sampling of coastal sea water (no more than 600 L of water will be collected) and sea ice will take place from the land fast ice during the winter months (January-March 2018 and 2019) and spring (April-June 2018). Working closely with experienced local hunters, we will travel to our sampling sites by snowmobile. Sampling locations will be selected in consultation with communities. The communities of Chesterfield Inlet and Naujaat have been involved since the proposal stage (January-March 2017). Additional consultation was scheduled for November 2017, however due to blizzards community meetings have been postponed to January or February 2018. Data collection will include: i) temperature and salinity profiles of the water column, ii) water samples collected from various depths in the water column for analyses of nutrients, salinity, naturally occurring water mass tracers (e.g., forms of oxygen), and carbon; iii) installation of oceanographic equipment. The oceanographic equipment will include temperature and salinity probes, and equipment to measure water currents and ice growth. This equipment will be attached along a weighted rope corresponding to various depths in the sea-ice and water column. The rope and equipment will be lowered into the water and securely attached to the sea-ice. The equipment will be deployed in February 2018 and retrieved in May 2018. This project is in partnership with communities and knowledge exchange will be on going throughout the project. Similar to the community driven research in Sanikiluaq and communities in eastern Hudson Bay, metadata, CTD and ice data will be shared in near real time using AES’ publicly accessible Interactive Knowledge Map (IK-MAP) and new SIKU platform. Results will also lead to scientific publications and presentations, as well as plain-language materials to be circulated in participating communities and to regional Inuit associations (translated into Inuktitut). Additionally, metadata will also be available on the Polar Knowledge Catalogue.

Assessment Phase / Activity
  • Application screening started 2018-01-05
  • Commenting period 2018-01-15
  • Received Comment submissions from Parties: Notice re comments received 2018-01-16
  • Board voting 2018-01-26
  • SDR Issued 2018-01-30
  • NOI Issued 2018-01-30
  • Application screening completed 2018-01-30
  • Received Project Licences, Permits and Authorizations from AA 2018-02-05
  • Kivalliq
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